Wednesday, October 7. 2015
This is a summary of my more detailed article on the Agile Elephant blog
I was at the IOM Conference in Cologne last week, which is mainly concerned with the "Human" side of the Future of Work that the Digital Transformation will bring. The focus is really on how white collar, mainly fairly knowledge oriented workers, will do their work in future. It's all about improving human potential - expanding knowledge, increasing collaboration, co-ordination, engaging, enthusing, a move from hierarchy to flat organisations and teams. It's an optimistic vision, a Human-centric model. What's not to like?
But here's the rub - The Humanist, People-Centric approach is just one exposition of possible "Futures of Work" currently ongoing. You don't have to go far before you find three other very different futures being created as well as this Human-centric view of the Future of Work:
The people impacted by these worlds are going to have a very different experience from the happy human-centric vision painted in the Human-centric model
But what is interesting - reading all these various sources - is that there is very little intersectioning or consideration of the other models by any one of these models, the pundits & thinkers of each all seem to operate in Silos (Silos being something they all decry in the Current Ways of Working, ironically).
In essence the answer to the question "What is the Future of Work" is "All of them" - but in different combinations depending on industry, location, role and time. I put more detailed analysis in the other post, if anyone wants to look at Value Chain Analysis and Product/Process matrices, but in essence history suggests a hybrid will occur in most cases (just as manufacturing best practice today incorporates offshoring. lean production & worker cells, automation and elements of business process re-engineering).
For the Human-centred fans, there is the second rub - a lot of those impacted will be those people that thought they were slated for the happy, hierarchy-free world of work. How so? Well, if your job can be:
The Future of Work, in short, may not have you (or me) in it. And that is something less often mentioned - the Future of No Work.
The discussion about how the next shift will play out politically, economically socially is also not considered by many enthusiasts, but - for now - a quick look at the Industrial Revolution is instructive in thinking about the next 50 years. During the Revolution, while it is true that the changes created new jobs, better lifestyles and a better world for those countries that went through industrialsiation, it was not an easy transition:
Interesting times, and we are now living in them
Wednesday, September 25. 2013
(Social Business patchwork elephant - Image courtesy of Elmer and www.echidnaontheloose.com)
McKinsey - Areas most likely to benefit from Social Business technology
Three years ago, in Social Media Week London, we took an in depth look at the emerging Social Business world. We called it a "patchwork elephant" as it is very large, in the room, but it's hard to see the whole thing!
This year we are doing a review (see here to book) - next Friday, September 27th from 1 to 5.30 pm at the Hub, Westminster.
The main trends from our first session were organisational and cultural, not technological:
Conclusions from the first Patchwork Elephant session in 2010
- “Demand Generation” (or whatever one wants to call it) will be the early win
Since then there's been quite a lot of data, one of the more useful being this piece by McKinsey. A key chart is the one I've put up top, predicting which parts of a company are most likely to benefit from Social Business:
Join us on Friday to look at all these areas, and more.
Wednesday, March 6. 2013
How Marissa Mayer found out that Yahoo work-from-home employees were slacking - Business Insider:
Like a lot of companies, Yahoo has something called a Virtual Private Network or VPN. Remote workers can use it to securely log into Yahoo's network and do work. After spending months frustrated at how empty Yahoo parking lots were, Mayer consulted Yahoo's VPN logs to see if remote employees were checking in enough. Mayer discovered they were not — and her decision was made.
Those who have been reading the various Tech News sites, Twitter et al over the last week or so will know this has caused quite a flurry, as the techno-drumbeat has pretty much boomed out the message that there will be more and more remote working, despite most of us knowing that Wikis are a PITA to manage and Skype conferences are crap compared to the real thing.
Smart Work's Janet Parkinson notes, working remotely is just a part of an overall solution, and needs to be managed within an overall smart work strategy, and if not managed can lead to a lot of peanut butter. More at issue is the possible impact on Innovation, critical for knowledge businesses. As Janet notes:
“… telecommuting unfortunately reduces innovation. And because innovation brings in much higher profits than the traditional goal of corporate efficiency, many firms are now learning the value of emphasizing innovation as a primary strategic business goal.”
I suspect if you look at the leverage for quite a lot of business roles, a 10% increase in Integration, Impact and Innovation has far more effect on the bottom than a 10% reduction in desk space costs. We would predict that this marks the high point in the remote work shift for this cycle, probably until far higher bandwidth and collaboration tools become available. (It's also a size thing - its hard to goof off in small teams, much easier in huge corporates)
But in the meantime, all is not lost for all those remote workers still out there. We modestly offer you the groundbreaking Broadstuff Remote Workbot - just install our App on your PC, link it to your Corporate Intranet and your email and it will randomly access the Intranet pages and whatever passes as your corporate research resource, scan other people according to criteria you fill in, mark emails as read, and randomly select a sample to reply to each hour with suitably corporate apparatchikly replies. If you have Yammer or some other Corporate Tweeting tool, you can use the Broadstuff Social Media Climber tool (Social Business 2.0 Version) to pretend you are present online there too. If you buy the both you also get the Boss Pinger , which alerts you by SMS when a bossmail has come in so you can handle it while at the mall/beach/etc. The bundle is cheap at the price, just 5% of your annual salary will do nicely.
After all, consider the alternatives...
Saturday, February 2. 2013
Went to what in my opinion became a fairly seminal event yesterday morning - the launch of the Microsoft Business Re-imagined session (Twitter link here). I think the title caught the zeitgeist square on - the issue is no longer about "what is Social Business, and what could it do" but is moving on to "How would one re-structure/transform a business to best use the techniques, and what are the threats of not doing so". Abigail Harrison has done an excellent post covering the whole event, so I won't repeat what she wrote, but here are my main observations and take-aways.
Firstly, I think Social Business is now starting the necessary transition from expectation to delivery. By that I mean:
Secondly, typical of this "phase change" time, pointers to the Social Business future is around us - but unevenly distributed:
In my view, the buzz at yesterday's event was palpable, with so many people looking at this still emergent field from so many different angles, I haven't seen a room like that for some years - I think the timing of the session has hit the turning point, but Kudos to the organisers, panel and participants for creating the vibe, and I think there is a huge potential for this to really become something groundbreaking.
But, after all the excitement, may I now be boring and point out that when a business re-imagines itself and then prepares for transformation, and starts to look at the actual "why" and "how" of restructuring, when push comes to shove it always has to answer a very simple set of questions (usually in the form of a business model and case), about how this new thing will improve one or more of these basic business drivers:
And at this point, belief and good will just don't cut it.
So what is required now is for many of the fascinating new concepts that have emerged, like Return on Engagement and Interaction, the Intention and Connectivity economies, Collaborative co-working, deep customer connection, etc etc - to resolve themselves into what actually will work, and what won't. This means predictable methods, metrics and procedures that demonstrably impact those above 3 axes for companies to actually make more money than otherwise. Now to be sure, many Social Business techniques are more about second order impacts - raising barriers to competition, undercutting the capability of incumbents, increasing the net long term value of the customer, better product development, but the links to basic value creation have to be understood.
This now - in my opinion - is the emerging challenge to re-imagine business going forward. But if the first session was anything to go by, this could be a very interesting journey....
(*Details available on request )
Friday, December 14. 2012
Forbes has found that in company after company, when they ask the "Top Talent" about how retained they are, they get the following results:
More than 30% believe they’ll be working someplace else inside of 12 months.
But according to Forbes, all you need to do to retain top talent is to perform perfectly on 10 factors:
Maybe - but according to my experience, its impossible to do all that with more than a very small number of people in a very large organisation, or for very long. Sooner or later you "increasing the responsibility" of Star Bod A conflicts with your plan for Star Bod B, and you can't "challenge their intellect and passion" when they all want to do the same high visibility, high status key tasks. Someone has to lose out eventually. Which is why you will always get the issue that 30% dont think they will be there in 12 months, and why any attempt to try and retain all the top talent, all the time is going to be fruitless.
Or as Pyrrhus (a far smarter man than he is usually given credit for) may have put it, "one more victory like this will break me".
But it won't stop the flood of learned articles telling businesses how they can all retain all their Top Talent - though you would have thought that if it was possible, everyone would (by now) know how and get on and be doing it, surely There is an entire industry of top talent retention gurus, strongly invested in top talent retention. What is far less convincingly tested is (i) the evidence that the Return on Investment is always so great (see banks, crashing of...) and (ii) that retention is even possible for many people over any reasonable time period.
Far more sensible to assume that you can't please everyone, all the time, assume that there will be attrition, and understand the cost/benefit of the productivity improvements top talent makes vs the costs of retention.
Tuesday, August 21. 2012
I saw this advertised today on the Twitter, and went along to the page linked (here), abuzz with hope - so what did I learn?
Tongue in cheek I know, and to be fair, there are some snippets of useful stuff there - but I don't think the above summary is far wide of the mark!
Thursday, May 10. 2012
McKinsey Quarterly article on Crowdsourcing strategy, quoting a few case studies:
One example was HCL, who opened up the Business Planning cycle from a 300 managers to about 8000 employees - results were:
One HCL executive we spoke with credited the new process with a fivefold increase in sales to an important client over two years. The key, the executive explained, was the detailed comments—from more than 25 colleagues, ranging from junior finance professionals to software engineers— that together highlighted the need to reframe the business plan away from an emphasis on commoditized application support and toward a handful of new services where HCL had the edge over larger competitors. The employees provided more than good ideas: several even helped assemble the materials the executive needed to deliver the successful proposal.
The detailed comments point is interesting, as it suggests the process means the "voice of the customer" or at least the front line - was not moderated by the "In the Shit - to - All is Rosy" command chain
Red Hat similarly opened up the process to more employees, and apperntly:
This effort has reshaped the way Red Hat conducts strategic planning. Instead of refreshing strategy yearly on a fixed calendar, the company now updates and evaluates strategy on an ongoing basis. Initiative leaders use customized mailing lists and other tools to receive input continuously from employees and communicate back to them via town hall–style meetings, Internet chat sessions, and frequent blog posts. The company maintains its annual budget process, which is informed by the evolving funding needs of the initiatives.
See point 2 - that "Voice Of The Customer" thing again
McKinsey's analysis is that:
"we’ve found that the actions companies can take that are most helpful in aligning individuals with the organization’s direction are moves like “making the vision meaningful to employees at a personal level” and “soliciting employee involvement in setting the company’s direction.” If that’s right, it suggests that making more employees part of the strategy process should be a powerful means of aligning them more closely with the company’s overall direction."
I think this is misreading the lesson a bit - what is happening in the Case Studies is that the organisation is re-aligning its overall direction to what the employees are telling them about the customer base reality. I'd bet that meant some Uncomfortable Truths had to be faced in the thick carpet suite. As they note, this has big implications on who is in charge, and what Senior management looks like:
Taking these principles to their logical conclusion suggests a shift in the strategic-leadership role of the CEO and other members of the C-suite: from “all-knowing decision makers,” who are expected to know everything and tell others what to do, to “social architects,” who spend a lot of time thinking about how to create the processes and incentives that unearth the best thinking and unleash the full potential of all who work at a company.
And of course, there is always Not Listening:
Another important element of social-strategy leadership is honestly assessing the readiness of the organization to open up and, in light of that, determining the best way to stimulate engagement. This sounds simple, but overlooking it can be costly. As part of a new strategy dialogue, the leaders of one mutual insurance company enthusiastically called upon its workforce to share reflections on an innovative, soon-to-be-launched life insurance product. Despite the leaders’ expectation that the open call would generate a torrent of endorsements, it was met with a deafening silence. Closer inspection revealed that people were acutely aware of the strategic importance that senior management attached to this innovation. And nobody wanted to wreck the party by openly sharing the prevailing doubts, which were widespread. The doubts proved well founded: within a few months of being launched, the new product was declared a failure and shelved.
The Sounds of Silence.....
Monday, February 20. 2012
Article in Techcrunch arguing ERP needs to go all cloud:
SAP and Oracle should be pushing innovative cloud solutions that cannibalize their bases. Instead, they’re attempting to acquire themselves into innovation. That’s not a strategy. That’s a shift into survival mode.
Well, having worked with ERP systems and hosting and the Net for 20 years or so, we'd argue this is like saying all companies should buy electricity from the grid all the time. It is true for some companies all of the time, but for some companies it isn't. And information, despite what CloudCos like to argue, is still far from being a fungible commodity.
The argument though, is that by refusing to go cloud at the droplet of a hat, these companies are not innovative:
In each case, an industry leader first denies the relevance of a technology, then frets over losing marketshare to it, then finally spends big money to acquire it under the pretense that it’s the key to “expanding innovation”. Overnight, that technology is now worth far more in the eyes of customers and investors. But more importantly, the acquisition strategy failed in each case. Instead of leading the way, the deal makers never committed to the technology, and their actions usually helped open the door to a whole new class of companies to take over.
But this is basically saying "ignore your huge installed base to grab this small cool new thing over here". It's like telling Telcos in the 1990s to drop their huge PSTN revenues to embrace the Internet. Any smart company is going to manage the decline of it's bread and butter revenue while slowly moving up its ability in the new. These large businesses do not move when the new new thing is 1% of revenue, they acquire solutions that have come out of the primordial startup soup and jumped the chasm - ie proven themselves - at 5 to 10% of revenues. So to say:
The bottom line is this: A series of cloud acquisitions won’t help lumbering old ERP one bit. Acquiring cloud companies doesn’t make you a cloud company any more than buying a Giants jersey makes you Eli Manning. It’s not a strategy for an on-premise solutions company. It’s an attempt to distract customers and hope they will forget about the ERP boat anchor they’re stuck with.
...sort of misses the point. Yes you are right. And so? Can you buy a massive ERP from a CloudCo? No. Can you run a massive corporate on SOP, some Ajax and a Social Business network that a CloudCo sells? No. So rather than arguing that:
The big ERP players had their day, but now it’s coming to an end. This is the classic Innovator’s Dilemma. For too long SAP and Oracle have watched the enterprise market innovate around them, stuck to their knitting and failed to adapt. The cloud technology wave has passed them by, and now it’s too late.
...it is probably more interesting to ask the following question: Is it easier to stick your current Oracle system on some tins in the cloud, or easier to pull it pull it out and start afresh with a new ERP system?
The answer to that tells you the evolution of the game - which is why we still have Telcos. It's more useful to look at where earlier new point entrants came in. Where did PCs take hold? Where did the 'Net first take hold in corporates? Why hasn't Salesforce.com morphed into ERP.com yet?
Update - in other words, as Vruz points out, the real opportunity for CloudCos is the Medium sized business market (and point functions in corporate divisions)
Thursday, February 16. 2012
Scanning the London Social Media week programme I see that we seem to have traded in "Enterpise 2.0" for "Social Business" in about the last 2 years or so (Well, it was Enterprise 2.0 2 years ago in Social Media week ). I naturally got curious about whether it was a new bottle for old wine, or if there is genuinely something new going on. (Ironically, I can't attend as I am far away designing an Enterprise IT strategy, and it encompasses Enterprises 0, 1, 2 and elements of Social media - see further below)
Wikipedia defines it as:
Enterprise 2.0 is the use of "Web 2.0" technologies within an organization to enable or streamline business processes while enhancing collaboration - connecting people through the use of social-media tools. Enterprise 2.0 aims to help employees, customers and suppliers collaborate, share, and organize information. Andrew McAfee describes Enterprise 2.0 as "the use of emergent social software platforms within companies, or between companies and their partners or customers".
This once meant (says Wikipedia):
"Social business, as the term is commonly used, was first defined by Nobel Peace Prize laureate Prof. Muhammad Yunus and is described in his books Creating a world without poverty—Social Business and the future of capitalism and Building Social Business—The new kind of capitalism that serves humanity's most pressing needs.
And I once understood Social Enterprises, which back in the day were:
"A social enterprise is an organization that applies business strategies to achieving philanthropic goals. Social enterprises can be structured as a for-profit or non-profit."
In essence, Social Busines has shifted its meaning to encompass for-profit enterprises, and the aim is to increase profits and reputation. As Wikipedia delicately puts it:
Many commercial enterprises would consider themselves to have social objectives, but commitment to these objectives is fundamentally motivated by the perception that such commitment will ultimately make the enterprise more financially valuable.
So has anything actually changed apart from For-Profits trying to put on prevously Not For Profit clothes? Whereas I think we have seen a semantic shift in the use of the term Social Enterprise/Business recently, no doubt partly motivated by the above, after reading Adam Tinworth's liveblogging, it did seem to me that Social Business is now also absorbing parts of what were once "Enterprise 2.0". I think this was clarified by some of the talks Adam covered, from people I have had a lot of time for, for a long time. JP Rangaswami talked quite a bit about the Cluetrain Manifesto, which was of course a cornerstone of Enterprise 2.0 as well, noting that:
Cluetrain suggested that there were two sets of conversations: one inside the firm, and one outside. And they’re different. If you live in a broadcast and hierarchical world, you have a measure of control – and safety.
Joanne Jacobs also made points that I recall were also fundamentals of Enterprise 2.0 - Cluetrain customer treatment, and crowdsourcing rare expertise
People flock together, but not just for safety, bit for an opportunity to work collectively towards goals, but individually their opinions count. They are a collective of individual opinions. The word “customers” belittles communities to buyers. Of course, we need to make money as businesses. We understand that. If you think of them as buyers, then you are not allowing them to contribute to your business except as buyers.
But if you look very closely at what they were saying, there are some important differences - Euan Semple noted that Social Media is now "in the knitting":
We’re turning social media into a “thing” – it’s the thingification of social media. It becomes sellable, marketable, something people have to do. But what I see is the web becoming part people’s lives, and encroaching into their workplaces. And this is why IT gets jumpy – they have this ordered, structured thing they call the workplace.
JP I think really addressed the main change we have seen, i.e. it has increased the customer voice:
Customer interactions are always referred to in the past tense, because they’re only accessed after they happen. “Transaction processing” – it was once called, and it was expensive. Now, the pervasive presence of technology – and especially mobile – we can produce constant activity stream of what we’re doing. And it’s easy enough to do it in expectation of figuring out how it will be useful later on.
And Joanne warned potential Snake Oil chuggers that it's not a surface fix anymore, another major trend we have found in the last 2 years or so:
Any marketer or PR person in the room who thinks it’s about controlling the message? You’re going to fail. Start thinking organically. Marketing warfare is dead. Get over it. If you think you can manipulate people’s opinions, you will create a muppet community.
Well, in our view what has really changed underneath all this is the sheer number of people using the online ecosystem - social and otherwise - far more heavily to research, to buy, and to get service. Thus there is a reason the "buzzword" has moved on from Enterprise 2.0, but in my opinion there is now a risk the "Social" bit is being seen as the The New Big Thing, rather than a component of what is still an end to end infrastructure, i.e it is stilll just a part of an end to end value delivery chain, and it is only as good as the weakest link. I therefore propose the term "Social Enterprise 2.0" to remind us that it is just a component, and that it won't work properly unless it is looked at systemically.
Now, as you may know, we do a lot of the back end systems work (infrastructure layer, not presentation layer, if you like) and put in our first Social Network based system in 2007. We have been doing a lot of work in this emerging "Social Infrastructure" space over the last 2 years, and here is my take of what "Social Enterprise 2.0" is really all about. As a first point, bear in mind that there are only 2 ways a "For Profit" makes a profit:
(i) Increase Sales - to more people, or charge more for what you sell
(There is a 3rd option - tax avoidance - but you have to be a very big company with Friends In Power to pull that off it seems).
Anyway, taking these in turn we have found the following:
Social Media has two well known impacts here - everyone knows it can recruit more potential customers via word of mouth, viral marketing, friends recommendations etc. But this is pretty well known from Enterprise 2.0 days, and an entire Social Marketing/PR industry has emerged in the last 2 years or so to do all this. I think fewer people know that it can be a useful tool for cross selling, but this is more subtle and requires the company to set up trusted communities, as the ideal is customer A and B telling customer C that they should try Product Y as well as X. Many have tried....
However, our work has also found two other rather more subtle factors:
(i) One of the impacts of Social Media is that the customer service reputation is now a major part of the buying process. c 90% of all buyers go online before buying now, and a bad service reputation is quite a big part of the buying decision (We have researched this for clients - its is a major purchase driver, especially for higher cost/longer duration deals)
(ii) It is fairly well known that if there is a disconnect between the Company Spiel and reality, it is found out much faster, goes farther with social media, and is harder to manipulate. It is also now possible, by tracking the datastream, to understand which disconnects matter most, and understand it early. So far so good - now here is the kicker. More and more customers know this, and are becoming familiar with it, so they expect far more rapid action - and many more of your customers work in customer service in some form or another, or know someone who does, so are becoming far more savvy. And they are getting more clued up about privacy issues too.
In other words, as Joanne pointed out, it is going to get harder and harder to gloss over operational errors with glossy marketing and PR, and datascraping, so the pressure on getting the operations - and infrastructure - right is going to become more critical. Sockpuppeting the comment streams is not good enough anymore....
We have seen quiet a lot of trends here, not as visible as in the "presentation layer" but for the reason given above, probably more critical.
And then there is the Great Spoiler, which we have found to be absolutely true in 5 years of this work - your top layer "Social Business" will only as good as the supporting Enterprise 0, 1 and 2 layers around it- ie:
Enterprise 0 - the non IT stuff - the processes, skills and culture of a company - the bedrock layer - will scupper any attempt to add higher layers if it isn't a strong enough foundation. In all our work we have g=found you have to strip back to the processes and skills as a minimum.
In other words, there is something new in "Social Business", but there is less to the eye than one may think if one drinks all the Snake Oil (or at least one should note the old bottles it may come from) and a lot of back end work to ensure you do get what you see.
Tuesday, September 6. 2011
One of the things we write about every so often on here (and were therefore sufficienly motivated to co-write the Big Potatoes Innovation Manifesto) is that Innovation has been morphed in the current corporate climate to mean "continuous improvement" at best, and "don't-rock-the-boatism" all too often (see Innovation - What innovation for starters). Now, some research from Cornell (The Bias Against Creativity: Why People Desire But Reject Creative Ideas) shows that as a species we may be culturally adapted against Innovation and creativity it seems.
The next time your great idea at work elicits silence or eye rolls, you might just pity those co-workers. Fresh research indicates they don't even know what a creative idea looks like and that creativity, hailed as a positive change agent, actually makes people squirm.
The lesson for companies that want to take advantage of creativity and real innovation is that teh problem not fostering it, but making sure it isn't strangled at birth.
"uncertainty also makes us less able to recognize creativity, perhaps when we need it most," the researchers wrote. "Revealing the existence and nature of a bias against creativity can help explain why people might reject creative ideas and stifle scientific advancements, even in the face of strong intentions to the contrary. ... The field of creativity may need to shift its current focus from identifying how to generate more creative ideas to identify how to help innovative institutions recognize and accept creativity."
Now, I always felt this was the actual case. I think that too often, fighting this problem is too hard as it is institutionalised in most heirarchies, and is a classic "ekephant in the room" - so Creativity Consultants find it easier to sell a comfortable project on "fostering creativity" than a hearts and minds change program based on culling their clients' ability to stop the dangerous mavericks in the business.I never saw companies where there were no creative people - but I don't think I'm the only one who has observed in their corporate careers that the Power of No is an endemic problem - here's Machiavelli on the subject in the 1500's pre-saging a host of 20th century Business Sages:
QED as they say. Nice of Cornell to put the academic verification in 500 years later
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